Anatomy and Physiology flashcards

Practice questions on organ systems, types of tissue, mitosis and miesos, organ systems and more.

Integumentary System

An example of appendages contained within the integumentary system are ______.

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The appendages of the integumentary system are hair, scales, feathers, and nails.

Integumentary System
Integumentary System

The integumentary system comprises the _______ and its various appendages.

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The integumentary system comprises the skin and its various appendages, including hair, scales, feathers, and nails.

Integumentary System
Organ System

The bodily organ system which protects the person’s body from damage is the _______ system.

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The integumentary system is the organ system that protects the body from damage, comprising the skin and its appendages, including hair, scales, feathers, and nails.

Organ System
Nerve Tissue

Nerve tissue is made up of cells known as ______.

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Nerve tissue is made up of cells known as neurons.

Nerve Tissue
Nerve Tissue

Nervous tissue is specialized to _______.

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Nervous tissue is specialized to react to stimuli.

Nerve Tissue
Muscle Tissue

Muscle tissue has the ability to _______, bringing out movement and the ability to work.

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Muscle tissue has the ability to relax and contract, bringing out movement and the ability to work.

Muscle Tissue
Epithelial Tissue

An important function of epithelial tissue is ______.

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Epithelial tissue acts as a protective barrier for the human body.

Epithelial Tissue
Cell Tissue

Squamous, cuboidal and columnar are three kinds of what kind of cell tissue?

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Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue. Epithelial tissues line the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the body, and also form many glands. Functions of epithelial cells include secretion, selective absorption, protection, transcellular transport and detection of sensation.

Simple epithelial tissues are generally classified by the shape of their cells. The four major classes of simple epithelium are: (1) simple squamous; (2) simple cuboidal; (3) simple columnar; (4) pseudostratified.

Cell Tissue
Mitosis

The stage of mitosis in which the two chromosomes are cordoned into new nuclei within the daughter cells is _______.

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Telophase is a stage in both meiosis and mitosis in a eukaryotic cell. During telophase, the effects of prophase and prometaphase events are reversed. Two daughter nuclei form in the cell. The nuclear envelopes of the daughter cells are formed from the fragments of the nuclear envelope of the parent cell. As the nuclear envelope forms around each pair of chromatids, the nucleoli reappear.

Mitosis
Mitosis

The stage of mitosis in which the paired chromosomes separate, each going to an opposite pole of the cell, is _______.

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Anaphase is the stage of mitosis or meiosis when chromosomes move to opposite poles of the cell.

Anaphase begins with the regulated triggering of the metaphase-to-anaphase transition. Metaphase ends with the destruction of cyclin, which is required for the function of metaphase cyclin-dependent kinases (M-Cdks). Anaphase is initiated with the cleavage of securin, a protein that inhibits the protease known as separase. Separase then cleaves cohesin, a protein responsible for holding sister chromatids together.

Mitosis

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Modified: October 20th, 2017
Published: October 19th, 2017

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