Reading Comprehension Practice Questions
Directions: Read the following paragraphs and answer the questions that accompany them. Circle the correct answer, which you believe most accurately satisfies the requirements of each question. The answer key is located at the end of this test.
Warm air has a lower density than cool air, so warm air rises within cooler air, similar to hot air balloons. Clouds form as warm air carrying moisture rises within cooler air. As the warm air rises, it cools. The moist water vapor begins to condense. When the moisture condenses, this releases energy that keeps the air warmer than its surroundings, so that it continues to rise. If enough instability is present in the atmosphere, this process will continue long enough for cumulonimbus clouds to form, which support lightning and thunder. All thunderstorms, regardless of type, go through three stages: the cumulus stage, the mature stage, and the dissipation stage. Depending on the conditions present in the atmosphere, these three stages can take anywhere from 20 minutes to several hours to occur.
1. The idea that can be inferred from Passage 1 is:
- Warm air is denser than cool air
- All thunderstorms will go through three stages.
- Thunderstorms may occur without clouds present.
- The stages of a thunderstorm are finished in just a few minutes.
2. When warm air rises through colder air, it results in:
- Clear skies.
3. What is the correct order?
- Warm air rises, cools as it gets higher, water condenses, warms the air, and the air rises more.
- Warm air rises, warms up more as it get higher, water condenses, warms the air, and the air rises more.
- Warm air rises, cools as it gets higher, water condenses, cools the air, and the air rises more.
- None of the above.
4. Cumulonimbus clouds are forming now. What must be true?
- The process of warm air rising and water condensing hasn’t started.
- The process of warm air rising and water condensing is just starting now.
- The process of warm air rising and water condensing has being going on for some time.
- None of the above.
The Civil War
The Civil War began on April 12, 1861. The first shots of the Civil War were fired in Fort Sumter, South Carolina. It is interesting to note that even though more American lives were lost in the Civil War than in any other war, not one person died on that first day. The war began because eleven Southern states seceded from the Union and tried to start their own government, The Confederate States of America.
Why did the states secede? The issue of slavery was a primary cause of the Civil War. The eleven southern states relied heavily on their slaves in order to foster their farming and plantation lifestyles. The northern states, many of whom had already abolished slavery, did not feel that the southern states should have slaves. The north wanted to free all the slaves and President Lincoln’s goal was to both end slavery and preserve the Union. He had Congress declare war on the Confederacy on April 14, 1862. For four long, blood soaked years, the North and South fought against each other.
From 1861 to mid 1863, it seemed as if the South would win this war. However, on July 1, 1863, an epic three day battle was waged on a field in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Gettysburg is remembered for being one of the bloodiest battles in American history. At the end of the three days, the North turned the tide of the war in their favor. The North then went on to dominate the South for the remainder of the war. Most well remembered might be General Sherman’s “March to The Sea”, where he famously led the Union Army through Georgia and the Carolinas, burning and destroying everything in their path.
In 1865, the Union army invaded and captured the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. Robert E. Lee, leader of the Confederacy surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant, leader of the Union forces, on April 9, 1865. The Civil War was over and the Union was preserved.
5. What does the word secede most nearly mean?
a. To break away from
b. To accomplish
c. To join
d. To lose
6. Which of the following statements summarizes a FACT from the passage?
a. Congress declared war and then the Battle of Fort Sumter began.
b. Congress declared war after shots were fired at Fort Sumter.
c. President Lincoln was pro slavery
d. President Lincoln was at Fort Sumter with Congress
7. Which event finally led the Confederacy to surrender?
a. The battle of Gettysburg
b. The battle of Bull Run
c. The invasion of the confederate capital of Richmond
d. Sherman’s March to the Sea
8. The word abolish as used in this passage most nearly means?
a. To ban
b. To polish
c. To support
d. To destroy
All thunderstorms will go through three stages. This is taken directly from the text, “All thunderstorms, regardless of type, go through three stages: the cumulus stage, the mature stage, and the dissipation stage.”
Condensation. From the passage, “As the warm air rises, it cools. The moist water vapor begins to condense as the temperature cools.”
The correct order of the process is seen in this passage:
“Clouds form as warm air carrying moisture rises. As the warm air rises, it cools. The moist water vapor begins to condense as the temperature cools. This releases energy that keeps the air warmer than its surroundings. The result is that it continues to rise.”
From the passage,we see that “if enough instability is present in the atmosphere, this process will continue long enough for cumulonimbus clouds to form,” where ‘this process’ is the process of rising air, condensing water drops generating heat, causing the air to rise further.
Secede most nearly means to break away from because the 11 states wanted to leave the United States and form their own country.
B is incorrect because the states were not accomplishing anything.
C is incorrect because the states were trying to leave the USA not join it.
D is incorrect because the states seceded before they lost the war.
Look at the dates in the passage. The shots were fired on April 12 and Congress declared war on April 14.
A is incorrect because the dates show clearly which happened first.
C is incorrect because the passage states that Lincoln was against slavery.
D is incorrect because it never mentions who was or was not at Fort Sumter.
The passage clearly states that Lee surrendered to Grant after the capture of the capital of the Confederacy, which is Richmond.
A is incorrect because the war continued for 2 years after Gettysburg.
B is incorrect because that battle is never mentioned in the passage.
D is incorrect because the capture of the capital occurred after the march to the sea.
When the passage said that the North had abolished slavery, it implies that slaves were no longer allowed to be had in the North. In essence slavery was banned.
B is incorrect because it makes no sense in relation to the context of the passage.
C is incorrect because we know the North was fighting against slavery, not for it.
D is incorrect because slavery is not a tangible thing that can be destroyed. It is a practice that had to be outlawed or banned.