Sample Biology Test Questions

Biology Questions are common on these exams:

High School – BC Provincial,
Nursing Entrance  – HESIPAX RNTEAS

Practice Questions

1.    A _______ _______ is the sequence of developmental stages through which members of a given species must pass.

a. Life cycle
b. Life expectancy
c. Life sequence
d. None of the above

2.    Life _________ are the ___________ and ___________ activities that all ________ systems must be able to carry out in order to maintain life.

a. Life sequences are the chemical and biological activities that all living systems must be able to carry out in order to maintain life.
b. Life expectancies are the biochemical and biophysical activities that all sentient systems must be able to carry out in order to maintain life.
c. Life cycles are the organic and inorganic activities that all living systems must be able to carry out in order to maintain life.

d. Life functions are the biochemical and biophysical activities that all living systems must be able to carry out in order to maintain life.

3.    Nutrition is the sum total of activities through which a living organism obtains food; what are the three processes included in nutrition?

a. Ingestion, digestion, and absorption
b. Ingestion, diffusion, and assimilation
c. Ingestion, digestion, and assimilation
d. Incorporation, digestion, and assimilation


4.    
__________ is the taking in of food, __________ refers to the chemical changes that take place in the body, and ___________ involves the changing of certain nutrients into the protoplasm of cells.

a. Assimilation is the taking in of food, digestion refers to the chemical changes that take place in the body, and ingestion involves the changing of certain nutrients into the protoplasm of cells.
b. Ingestion is the taking in of food, digestion refers to the chemical changes that take place in the body, and assimilation involves the changing of certain nutrients into the protoplasm of cells.
c. Digestion is the taking in of food, ingestion refers to the chemical changes that take place in the body, and assimilation involves the changing of certain nutrients into the protoplasm of cells.

d. Ingestion is the taking in of food, digestion refers to the chemical changes that take place in the body, and diffusion involves the changing of certain nutrients into the protoplasm of cells.

5.    The movement of molecules other than water from an area of ____ concentration to an area of _______ concentration is ________.

a. The movement of molecules other than water from an area of high concentration to an area of less concentration is diffusion.
b. The movement of molecules other than water from an area of less concentration to an area of high concentration is diffusion.
c. The movement of molecules other than water from an area of high concentration to an area of less concentration is osmosis.

d. The movement of molecules other than water from an area of lesser concentration to an area of less concentration is dispersal.

6.    During _________, a solvent moves through a/an __________ membrane from an area with a_______ concentration of solvents to areas of ________ concentration.

a. During diffusion, a solvent moves through a semipermeable membrane from an area with a lesser concentration of solvents to areas of greater concentration.
b. During osmosis, a solvent moves through an impermeable membrane from an area with a lesser concentration of solvents to areas of greater concentration.
c. During osmosis, a solvent moves through a semipermeable membrane from an area with a greater concentration of solvents to areas of lesser concentration.

d. During osmosis, a solvent moves through a semipermeable membrane from an area with a lesser concentration of solvents to areas of greater concentration.

7.    _________ and ________ are forms of _______ transport by which materials pass through plasma membranes.

a. Diffusion and osmosis are forms of active transport by which materials pass through plasma membranes.
b. Diffusion and osmosis are forms of passive transport by which materials pass through plasma membranes.
c. Dispersal and osmosis are forms of passive transport by which materials pass through plasma membranes.

d. Diffusion and synthesis are forms of active transport by which materials pass through plasma membranes.


8.  
The scientific discipline that studies the physiological aspects, structures, life cycles and division of cells is called __________.

a. The scientific discipline that studies the physiological aspects, structures, life cycles and division of cells is called physiology.
b. The scientific discipline that studies the physiological aspects, structures, life cycles and division of cells is called cell science.
c. The scientific discipline that studies the physiological aspects, structures, life cycles and division of cells is called biochemistry.

d. The scientific discipline that studies the physiological aspects, structures, life cycles and division of cells is called cell biology.

9. Which, if any, of the following statements about mitosis are correct?

a. Mitosis is the process of cell division by which identical daughter cells are produced.
b. Following mitosis, new cells contain less DNA than did the original cells.
c. During mitosis, the chromosome number is doubled.
d. A and C are correct.

10.  Which, if any, of the following statements about meiosis are correct?

a. During meiosis, the number of chromosomes in the cell are halved.
b. Meiosis only occurs in eukaryotic cells.
c. Meiosis is the part of the life cycle that involves sexual reproduction.
d. All of these statements are correct.

 

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Answer Key  

1. A
life cycle is the sequence of developmental stages through which members of a given species must pass.

2. D
Life functions are the biochemical and biophysical activities that all living systems must be able to carry out in order to maintain life.

3. A 
The three processes included in nutrition are, ingestion, digestion, and absorption.

4. B
Ingestion
 is the taking in of food, digestion refers to the chemical changes that take place in the body, and assimilation involves the changing of certain nutrients into the protoplasm of cells.

5. A
The movement of molecules other than water from an area of high   concentration to an         area of less concentration is diffusion.

6. D
During osmosis, a solvent moves through a/an semipermeable membrane from an area with a lesser concentration of solvents to areas of greater concentration.

7.  B
Diffusion and osmosis are forms of passive transport by which materials pass   through plasma membranes.

8. D
The scientific discipline that studies the physiological aspects, structures, life cycles and         division of cells is called cell biology.

9. D
A and C are correct.
a)  Mitosis is the process of cell division by which identical daughter cells are produced.
c)  During mitosis, the chromosome number is doubled.

10. D
All of these statements are correct.

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    3 Comments

  1. ezekiely
    June 24, 2015
    Reply

    how many marks does each question carry?

    • Complete Test Prep
      June 25, 2015
      Reply

      Usually 1 mark per question. A few tests will subtract a mark for a wrong answer, so watch out for that – but not too common.

  2. Samantha
    November 7, 2018
    Reply

    Can someone explain why answers for 5 and 6 are from a lesser concentration to a higher??

    I thought because solutions seek to be isotonic, that solutions would disperse to move *from* a high concentration *to* a lower one (and therefore be balanced on both sides of the membrane, or generally be evenly dispersed if not across a membrane)

    If they’re moving from a lesser concentration to a higher (like the answer key says, twice) wouldn’t that be a form of active transport? and therefore not be diffusion/osmosis, which are both passive??

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