# Speed and Acceleration Tutorial and Practice Questions

- Posted by Brian Stocker MA
- Date Published April 6, 2014
- Date modified February 6, 2019
- Comments 2 comments

### Acceleration – Quick Tutorial

In physics, acceleration is the rate at which the velocity of a body changes with time. For example, an object such as a car that starts from a full stop, then travels in a straight line at increasing speed, is accelerating in the direction of travel. If the car changes direction at constant speed, there is strictly speaking an acceleration, although not described as such; passengers in the car will experience a force pushing them back into their seats in linear acceleration, and a sideways force on changing direction. If the speed of the car decreases, or decelerates, mathematically it is acceleration in the opposite direction.

The formula for acceleration = A = (Vf – V0)/t and is measured in meters per second^{2}. Here is a typical question:

A car starts from standing top and in 10 seconds is travelling 20/meters per second. What is the acceleration?

a. 0.5 m/sec^{2
}b. 1.5 m/sec^{2
}c. 1 m/sec^{2
}d. 2 m/sec^{2}

The formula for acceleration = A = (Vf – V0)/t

so A = (20 m/sec – 0 m/sec)/10 sec = 2 m/sec^{2}

### Speed

Speed is the rate of change of an objects position, or,

speed = (total distance traveled)/(total time taken).

Here is a typical question:

A rocket travels 3000 meters in 5 seconds. How fast is it travelling?

a. 100 m/sec

b. 200 m/sec

c. 500 m/sec

d. 600 m/sec

**Answer:** C

speed = (total distance traveled)/(total time taken)

3000/5 = 600 meters per second.

### Practice Questions

**1****. A car starts from a full top and in 20 seconds is travelling 10/m per second. What is the acceleration?**

a. 0.5 m/sec^{2}

b. 0.24 m/sec^{2}

c. 1 m/sec^{2}

d. 1.5 m/sec^{2}

**2. A motorcycle travelling 90 mph accelerates to pass a truck. Five seconds later the car is going 120 mph. Calculate the acceleration.**

a. 6 mph/second

b. 10 mph/second

c. 15 mph/second

d. 20 mph/second

**3. A rocket releases a satellite into orbit around Earth. The satellite travels at 2000 m/s in 25 seconds. What is the acceleration?**

a. 60 m/sec^{2}

b. 80 m/sec^{2}

c. 100 m/sec^{2}

d. 120 m/sec^{2}

**4. A soccer ball is kicked and travels at a velocity of 12 m/sec. After 60 seconds, it comes to a stop. What is the acceleration?**

a. -0.2 m/sec^{2}

b. 0.2 m/sec^{2}

c. 1 m/sec^{2}

d. 0.5 m/sec^{2}

### Speed

Speed is the rate of change of an objects position, or,

speed = (total distance traveled)/(total time taken).

Here is a typical question:

**A rocket travels 3000 meters in 5 seconds. How fast is it travelling? **

a. 100 m/sec

b. 200 m/sec

c. 500 m/sec

d. 600 m/sec

speed = (total distance traveled)/(total time taken)

3000/5 = 600 meters per second.

### Practice Questions

**5. The space station travels 1000 meters in 5 seconds. How fast is it travelling?**

a. 100 meters/second

b. 200 meters/second

c. 50 meters/second

d. 500 meters/second

**6. A runner can sprint 6 meters per second. How far will she travel in 2 minutes?**

a. 600 meters

b. 720 meters

c. 760 meters

d. 800 meters

**7. How far can a person walk if they travels 1000 m in 20 minutes?**

a. 25 meters

b. 50 meters

c. 100 meters

d. None of the above

## Get the Book Students are Talking About!

### Answer Key

**1. A**

The formula for acceleration = A = (Vf – V0)/t

so A = (10 m/sec – 0 m/sec)/20 sec = 0.5 m/sec^{2}

**2. A**

The formula for acceleration = A = (Vf – V0)/t so A = (120 -90)/5 sec = 6 mph/second

**3. B**

The formula for acceleration = A = (Vf – V0)/t

so A = (2000 – 0)/25 sec = 80 m/sec^{2}

**4. A**

The formula for acceleration = A = (Vf – V0)/t so A = (0 – 12)/60 sec = -0.2 m/sec^{2}

**5. B**

Speed = (total distance traveled)/(total time taken)

1000/5 = 200 meters per second

**6. B**

Speed = (total distance traveled)/(total time taken)

6 = x/120 (convert minutes to seconds)

6 * 120 = x

X = 720 meters

**7. B**

Speed = (total distance traveled)/(total time taken)

X = 1000m/20 minutes

X = 50 meters

**Written by:**Brian Stocker MA, Complete Test Preparation Inc.

Tag:Acceleration, Force, Practice Questions, Speed

## 2 Comments

really good, this helped me doing my science exam(:

really helpful! please more